Introduction Index Resources Credits

Mississippi & Presidential Elections

Washington & Lincoln

Taft's Trip to Mississippi

Woodrow Wilson

FDR & Senator Pat Harrison

W.T. Marshall Collection

JFK & The University of Mississippi


Nixon & Ford

Willie Morris Collection


Presidential Signed Documents

Presidents and the Blues

Presidential Deaths

The W.T. Marshall Collection

1909 Photo Taft at Anniversary Washington's Inauguration

Trained as a bookbinder and cataloger, Tom Marshall worked for the U.S. Government Printing Office.  In 1899, the GPO loaned him to the White House where he remained for thirty-eight years, serving as a clerk and personal librarian for presidential administrations from William McKinley through Franklin D. Roosevelt. 

Donated by his daughter Violet Marshall Douglas of Oxford, Mississippi, the Marshall Collection contains books, photographs, invitations, and other White House ephemera – many of which Marshall saved from discard piles.

Click here for collection finding aid

William McKinley (1897-1901)

1Engraved Invitation to the McKinley White House 1898 Photo of McKinley at Camp Meade 1903 Letter on McKinley pen thumbnail 1903 Letter on McKinley pen thumbnail

Four months after the White House dinner honoring the President of the Republic of Hawaii, the United States annexed the islands as a U.S. Territory. American expansionism during McKinley’s administration also contributed to the Spanish-American War of 1898. A photograph captures the president’s visit to Camp Meade in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, established to house volunteer forces.

An anarchist shot McKinley during a visit to the Pan-American Exposition in 1901. The president died eight days later of complications. On display is a pen holder and case used by McKinley prior to his death.

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Theodore Roosevelt (1901-1909)

Roosevelt in Military Uniform thumbnail Roosevelt Handwritten memo thumbnail The President and Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt in a receiving line at Sagamore Hill thumbnail Roosevelt Family Autograph album thumbnail Roosevelt Bookplate & Inscription thumbnail

Roosevelt organized and led the 1st U.S. Volunteer Cavalry Regiment, otherwise known as the “Rough Riders.” He returned from the Spanish-American War as a hero, and voters subsequently elected him governor of New York. Pasted into one of Marshall’s souvenir albums is an 1899 handwritten note by Roosevelt requesting Adjutant General Avery D. Andrews to “Please come with-out fail to Oyster Bay Monday with all possible information about officers of New York volunteer regiments in Spanish War. Need it at once.” At the time, Roosevelt was considering his prospects for a Vice Presidential nomination in 1900.

Oyster Bay on Long Island was the site of Roosevelt’s home Sagamore Hill. During his presidency, it was referred to as the “Summer White House.” Depicting a social event there in September 1908, the photograph album is open to a page showing President and Mrs. Roosevelt in a receiving line.

In an album containing signatures of noted White House visitors like Admiral George Dewey, Alexander Graham Bell, and Mark Twain, Marshall also collected autographs from the entire Roosevelt family, including six-year-old Quentin.

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William H. Taft (1909-1913)

Photo of Taft Golfing thumbnail 1909 Photo Taft at Anniversary Washington's Inauguration Taft Book Cover: Presidential addresses and State Papers thumbnail Taft Book Inscription: Presidential addresses and State Papers thumbnail thumbnail Taft Bookplate Thumbnail

Taft became the first president to openly and often play golf, even participating in a number of exhibition games. The second photograph captures Taft at an occasion commemorating the 120th anniversary of George Washington’s inauguration.

In addition to an inscribed copy of Taft’s Presidential Addresses and State Papers (1910), the Marshall Collection possesses a Taft presidential bookplate designed in 1909.

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Woodrow Wilson (1913-1921)

Engraved Wilson Wedding Announcement thumbnail

Wilson’s first wife, Ellen Louise Axson Wilson died of kidney disease in the fall of 1914. Less than a year later, the president met and married Washington DC widow Edith Bolling Galt, stating “in this place time is not measured by weeks, or months, or years, but by deep human experience.”

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Calvin Coolidge (1923-1929)

The Price of Freedom Book Spine thumbnail The Price of Freedom inscription thumbnail

Coolidge assumed the presidency following the death of Warren G. Harding while on a tour of the western United States. He won election in his own right in 1924 – the year Charles Scribner’s Sons published a collection of Coolidge’s speeches entitled The Price of Freedom.

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Herbert Hoover (1929-1933)

Hoover 1930 Christmas Card thumbnail Hoover 1930 Recollections of a Piece of Wood thumbnail Hoover 1932 Christmas Card thumbnail

The Marshall Collection includes two Christmas greetings from the Hoover White House. First Lady Lou Henry Hoover oversaw the decoration of the first official White House Christmas tree in 1929.

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Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1933-1945)

Roosevelt Hand written letter Looking Forward Cover thumbnail Looking Forward Inscription thumbnail On Our Way Cover thumbnail On Our Way inscription thumbnail

Among the presidential documents saved by Marshall is this handwritten note by Roosevelt asking the Secretary of State to convey to the Austrian government “my deep horror and regret on hearing the news of the murder of Chancellor Dolfuss.” In 1934, Austrian Nazis had failed in an attempted coup d’etat, although they succeeded in their assassination of Dolfuss.

Written at the beginning of his first administration, Looking Forward (1933) and On Our Way (1934) outline the president’s plan for national economic recovery from the Great Depression.

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